How to Treat Swollen Gums at Home?

How to Treat Swollen Gums at Home?

How to Treat Swollen Gums at Home?, Swollen gums, also known as gingival swelling, can be a common oral health issue that many people face. It’s essential to know how to treat swollen gums at home to alleviate discomfort and prevent potential complications.

This article will guide you through the causes, symptoms, and effective home remedies for treating swollen gums. Swollen gums can occur due to various factors, including poor oral hygiene, gum disease such as gingivitis or periodontitis, hormonal changes, certain medications, and nutritional deficiencies.

Understanding the underlying cause of your swollen gums is crucial in determining the most effective treatment approach. In addition to swelling, you may experience symptoms such as redness, tenderness, bleeding gums, bad breath, and in severe cases, receding gums or pus formation. It’s important to address these symptoms promptly to prevent further oral health issues.

Causes of Swollen Gums

Swollen gums can occur due to various reasons:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Not brushing or flossing regularly can lead to plaque buildup, causing gum inflammation.
  • Gingivitis: This early stage of gum disease is characterized by red, swollen gums and can progress if not treated.
  • Hormonal Changes: Such as during pregnancy or puberty, hormonal fluctuations can contribute to gum swelling.
  • Certain Medications: Some medications can cause gum enlargement or inflammation as a side effect.
  • Nutritional Deficiencies: Lack of essential nutrients like vitamin C can affect gum healt

Symptoms of Swollen Gums

Recognizing the signs of swollen gums can help in early treatment:

  • Redness: Gums may appear red or darker than usual.
  • Swelling: Obvious puffiness or enlargement of the gum tissue.
  • Tenderness: Gums may be sensitive to touch or pressure.
  • Bleeding: Especially during brushing or flossing.
  • Bad Breath: Due to bacterial buildup in the gums.

How to Treat Swollen Gums at Home?

Here are effective home remedies to alleviate swollen gums:

  • Proper Oral Hygiene:
    • Brush teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled brush.
    • Use dental floss or interdental brushes to clean between teeth.
    • Rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash to reduce bacteria.
  • Saltwater Rinse:
    • Mix a teaspoon of salt in warm water and rinse your mouth for 30 seconds.
    • Saltwater helps reduce inflammation and kills bacteria.
  • Cold Compress:
    • Apply a cold compress or ice pack to the outside of your cheek near the swollen gums.
    • Cold helps numb the area and reduce swelling.
  • Turmeric Paste:
    • Make a paste with turmeric powder and water.
    • Apply directly to the swollen gums and leave for a few minutes before rinsing.
  • Aloe Vera Gel:
    • Apply a small amount of aloe vera gel to the swollen gums.
    • Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory properties that can soothe gum tissue.
  • Tea Tree Oil:
    • Dilute tea tree oil with water and use it as a mouthwash.
    • Tea tree oil has antibacterial properties that can help reduce gum inflammation.
  • Avoid Irritants:
    • Avoid tobacco products and limit acidic or spicy foods that can irritate swollen gums.

How to Treat Swollen Gums at Home

Additional Tips for Gum Health

In addition to the home remedies mentioned earlier, here are more tips to help you treat and prevent swollen gums:

  • Gentle Brushing Technique:
    • Use gentle, circular motions when brushing to avoid irritating swollen gums.
    • Avoid brushing too hard or using a toothbrush with hard bristles.
  • Regular Dental Check-ups:
    • Schedule regular dental visits for professional cleanings and check-ups.
    • Your dentist can identify early signs of gum disease and provide appropriate treatment.
  • Healthy Diet:
    • Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
    • Foods high in vitamin C and antioxidants can support gum health.
  • Quit Smoking:
    • Smoking can exacerbate gum inflammation and hinder healing.
    • Consider quitting smoking to improve your overall oral health.
  • Stay Hydrated:
    • Drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your mouth hydrated.
    • Water helps rinse away food particles and bacteria that can contribute to gum issues.
  • Stress Management:
    • Practice stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises.
    • Chronic stress can weaken the immune system and affect gum health.
  • Use Soft-Picks or Interdental Brushes:
    • These tools can help clean between teeth and along the gum line without causing irritation.
    • They are especially useful for individuals with sensitive gums.
  • Avoid Sugary and Acidic Foods:
    • Limit sugary snacks and beverages that can promote bacterial growth and tooth decay.
    • Acidic foods and drinks can also erode tooth enamel and irritate gums.
  • Consider Herbal Remedies:
    • Herbal mouth rinses or herbal teas containing chamomile or sage can have soothing effects on swollen gums.
    • Consult with your dentist or healthcare provider before using herbal remedies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are pregnant.

When to Seek Professional Help?

While home remedies can be helpful, it’s essential to consult a dentist if:

  • Swollen gums persist for more than a week.
  • You experience severe pain or fever along with swollen gums.
  • There are signs of pus or infection around the gums.


Treating swollen gums at home involves maintaining good oral hygiene, using natural remedies, and being aware of when to seek professional dental care. By following these tips and being proactive about your oral health, you can effectively manage and prevent swollen gums.

Taking care of your gums is an essential part of maintaining overall oral health. By combining proper oral hygiene practices, healthy lifestyle choices, and occasional home remedies, you can effectively treat and prevent swollen gums. Remember to consult your dentist for personalized advice and guidance tailored to your specific oral health needs.

Written by Amy Fischer

Amy, a registered dietitian at the Good Housekeeping Institute's Nutrition Lab, brings a wealth of expertise to nutrition, health content, and product testing. With a journalism degree from Miami University of Ohio and a master's in clinical nutrition from NYU, she's a versatile expert. Prior to joining Good Housekeeping, Amy worked as a cardiac transplant dietitian at a prominent NYC hospital and contributed to clinical nutrition textbooks. Her background also includes PR and marketing work with food startups.

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